The presentation is focused on the constructive analysis of masonry and stone cladding of Carafa chapel, the Confessio of Saint Januarius commonly named Succorpo, which was built as a crypt beneath the choir of the Angevin cathedral of Naples between 1497 1508. The chapel - which attribution is still enigmatic- is regarded as one of the masterpieces of the Neapolitan Early Renaissance and an audacious technical solution.The start of the work followed the completion of the strengthening of the Angevin cathedral damaged by the earthquake of 1456- in particular, the rehabilitation of the apse’s walls through the construction of 6 radial buttresses and the dome in 1484.The shape of the sensitive architectural-structural solution of the Succorpo conforms with these reinforcements and is designed to both minimise excavation in foundation and vault thickness between crypt and church.On the head of 10 monolithic columns which divide the crypt in three aisles, a coffered celing in monolithic lintels and slabs hides a masonry thin vaults system. Fifteen bays of depressed sail vaults in tufo with Pozzolana-lime mortar rest on the columns and thrust on the cathedral apse’s walls base. The constructional innovative solution refers to the Early Sixteenth century investigations in the compound of relieving arch and trilithic system, which is here tridimensionally extented and built thanks to local tufo and pozzolana.Beside the brilliant solution, the marble cladding pieces are noticeable for their refined geometrical cut. These, related to the last construction phase, suite the complex geometry of splayed arches at the openings, and dome and pendentives intradosses at the little axial chapel, shaping voussoirs of arcos esviados and curved surfaces.The constructuive analysis of Succorpo reads the adopted innovative constructional solution, recognises parts related to its construction history, and adds new elements -based on its constructional details- for its design and construction attribution.

Soluzioni e dettagli costruttivi nel Succorpo del duomo di Napoli

COMO, Maria Teresa
2019

Abstract

The presentation is focused on the constructive analysis of masonry and stone cladding of Carafa chapel, the Confessio of Saint Januarius commonly named Succorpo, which was built as a crypt beneath the choir of the Angevin cathedral of Naples between 1497 1508. The chapel - which attribution is still enigmatic- is regarded as one of the masterpieces of the Neapolitan Early Renaissance and an audacious technical solution.The start of the work followed the completion of the strengthening of the Angevin cathedral damaged by the earthquake of 1456- in particular, the rehabilitation of the apse’s walls through the construction of 6 radial buttresses and the dome in 1484.The shape of the sensitive architectural-structural solution of the Succorpo conforms with these reinforcements and is designed to both minimise excavation in foundation and vault thickness between crypt and church.On the head of 10 monolithic columns which divide the crypt in three aisles, a coffered celing in monolithic lintels and slabs hides a masonry thin vaults system. Fifteen bays of depressed sail vaults in tufo with Pozzolana-lime mortar rest on the columns and thrust on the cathedral apse’s walls base. The constructional innovative solution refers to the Early Sixteenth century investigations in the compound of relieving arch and trilithic system, which is here tridimensionally extented and built thanks to local tufo and pozzolana.Beside the brilliant solution, the marble cladding pieces are noticeable for their refined geometrical cut. These, related to the last construction phase, suite the complex geometry of splayed arches at the openings, and dome and pendentives intradosses at the little axial chapel, shaping voussoirs of arcos esviados and curved surfaces.The constructuive analysis of Succorpo reads the adopted innovative constructional solution, recognises parts related to its construction history, and adds new elements -based on its constructional details- for its design and construction attribution.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12570/481
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