This work is focused on the new profiles of civil liability that can be configured in the event of a traffic accident between two vehicles, at least one of which is self-drive. In this scenario, it will see if the traditional road traffic legislation, which held liable the driver and/or the owner of the vehicle responsible, can be applied, or new subjects which can bears the risk of the damage can be introduced: the producer, the internet service provider and other third parties (e.g hackers, who illegally access the driving software of the vehicle). Starting from a critical analysis of the state of the art, it will try to achieve two aims. First of all, it will evaluate whether there is a civil liability regulation which is functional to the protection of the injured person, even in the event of a traffic accident due to a self-driving car. Then, it will verify whether this legislation is sufficient for complete and systematic regulation of autonomous vehicles, or if it is necessary to modify the existing regulation or to introduce an ad hoc framework of rules for self-driving cars.
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