The ’Massimino Farnese’, A Polykleitan Type Now that the head of the ’Massimino Farnese’ has been identified as portraying Marcus Nonius Balbo and information has been gathered from 18th-century excavation journals, there is general consensus that the head of the statue, which had been torn inadvertently from a tuff bank in the course of excavations in Herculaneum by Duke d’Elboeuf in 1710-1711, was relocated by Weber on February 13, 1768 and that the body was recovered on April 16 of the same year. Hence, the statue could be thought of as an honorary portrait of Marcus Nonius Balbo in heroic nudity. Actually, though, it is not at all certain that the head belongs to that body; indeed, the presence of integrations due to modern restorations in the neck area would suggest the contrary. The body of the statue, which is distinct from the Doryphoros type only for a black chlamys over the left shoulder, might be one of the best marble replicas from the Roman Age of the bronze archetype of Polykleitos’ Hermes.
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