In a comprehensive analysis of the concept of legal culture, legal systems are influenced by the impact of social forces and are constantly shifting and transforming. In the socio-legal perspective, the law reflects the morphology of existing social relations. If it is true that today’s society is characterized by forms of increasing economic inequality, then the parallel crisis of the modern state determines the weakening of the forms of intervention aimed at reducing inequalities in view of the realization of equality and social justice. In the modern age, the legitimate forms of intervention have been realized through state law, and collective decisions have been the result of democratic procedures within individual states. Thus today, there is a tendency to replace the classic parameter of social justice with that of efficiency, especially as far as public administration actions are concerned, while forms of social reaction to the growth of inequality seem to be absent in a situation that Rosanvallon called “schizophrenic” (Rosanvallon, 2013). Yet according to Piketty at a given stage of development of the economy and productive forces, there is a multiplicity of ideological and political regimes and therefore of inequalities (Piketty, 2019). However, the law has so far shown a certain weakness with respect to the economy: through a process of “juridification”, the juridical space has been used as an “infrastructure” to instrumentally spread the economic method. The law therefore ends up renouncing the fight against social inequality, if not actually favouring it by adopting the existing social asymmetries in a context of widening economic inequality. The law therefore risks being the product of a society in which political power does not exist by itself but is only a function of economic power.

Law and justice in the society of economic inequality

Marotta, S.
2022-01-01

Abstract

In a comprehensive analysis of the concept of legal culture, legal systems are influenced by the impact of social forces and are constantly shifting and transforming. In the socio-legal perspective, the law reflects the morphology of existing social relations. If it is true that today’s society is characterized by forms of increasing economic inequality, then the parallel crisis of the modern state determines the weakening of the forms of intervention aimed at reducing inequalities in view of the realization of equality and social justice. In the modern age, the legitimate forms of intervention have been realized through state law, and collective decisions have been the result of democratic procedures within individual states. Thus today, there is a tendency to replace the classic parameter of social justice with that of efficiency, especially as far as public administration actions are concerned, while forms of social reaction to the growth of inequality seem to be absent in a situation that Rosanvallon called “schizophrenic” (Rosanvallon, 2013). Yet according to Piketty at a given stage of development of the economy and productive forces, there is a multiplicity of ideological and political regimes and therefore of inequalities (Piketty, 2019). However, the law has so far shown a certain weakness with respect to the economy: through a process of “juridification”, the juridical space has been used as an “infrastructure” to instrumentally spread the economic method. The law therefore ends up renouncing the fight against social inequality, if not actually favouring it by adopting the existing social asymmetries in a context of widening economic inequality. The law therefore risks being the product of a society in which political power does not exist by itself but is only a function of economic power.
En un análisis exhaustivo del concepto de cultura jurídica, los sistemas jurídicos reciben la influencia del impacto de las fuerzas sociales. Desde la perspectiva socio-jurídica, el derecho refleja la morfología de las relaciones sociales existentes. Si es cierto que la sociedad actual se caracteriza por formas de desigualdad económica creciente, entonces, la crisis paralela del Estado determina el debilitamiento de las formas de intervención dirigidas a hacer realidad la justicia social. En la época contemporánea, las decisiones colectivas son resultado de procedimientos democráticos, y las fuerzas legítimas de intervención se hacen realidad a través del derecho estatal. Sin embargo, hoy en día hay una tendencia a sustituir el parámetro clásico de justicia social por el de eficiencia económica, mientras formas de reacción social al aumento de la desigualdad parecen brillar por su ausencia. Más aún, el derecho ha mostrado, hasta ahora, cierta debilidad con respecto a la economía: mediante un proceso de “juridificación”, el espacio jurídico ha sido utilizado como una “infraestructura” para extender instrumentalmente el método económico. El derecho, por tanto, está en riesgo de ser un producto de una sociedad en la cual el poder político no existe por sí mismo, sino que es una función del poder económico.
inequality, institution, social justice, efficiency
Desigualdad, institución, justicia social, eficacia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12570/26730
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