Although Norman military architecture appears to be much studied in different national contexts, it does not receive the same attention in transnational context. This essay on Norman fortifications in the province of Avellino derives from a twofold critical need that is to involve the architectural production of a small territory in the southern Apennines and, at the same time, compare it in a diachronic and synchronic way with examples chosen in other regions of the Norman area. This line of research is the only way to deal, albeit briefly, with the various issues related to the study of castles in the wide range of plurality and complex configurations that arise from them, in a crucial phase of European history in which peoples, who would later belong to different nations, were brought together. Consequently, the architectures, that are the subjects of this research, are not only considered in relation to one another, but also through each other, framed in global contexts in terms of dynamics of cultural interaction and the transfer of models. This is aimed at finding points of intersection of transnational processes with local ones and, therefore, at determining an interpretative model capable of reconstructing the subtle net of relationships and construction knowledge in the contexts of origin and arrival.
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